In 1626 Manhattan Island was purchased from the Indians by Peter Minuit. It cost about $ 24.00. At first it was called New Amsterdam by the Dutch settlers. Later it was renamed New York by the English.
The city grew rapidly. There were several reasons for this, but the most important one was its location. New York is situated on the best American harbor on the Atlantic Ocean. It also lies on the Hudson River which allows water transportation into the middle of the United States.
Today New York City has a population of approximately eight million. The city has groups from many different races. It is famous for its Chinatown. It also has the largest Jewish population of any city outside Israel. After the blacks were released from slavery a large number of them moved to cities like New York, Philadelphia, and Washington. More recently people from Puerto Rico have done the same thing.
New York is made up of five boroughs. The Bronx is the only one located on islands. It is a large manufacturing center because factories can be located near good water transportation. Two of the main businesses in the city are the clothing industry and the printing industry. Most large publishing companies have their headquarters here.
The city is also often lauded for its large number of cultural attractions. Among them are the Broadway theaters, the opera, art museums, and historic sites. Of courses it also offers sports fans a chance to sit and tensely watch a live major league game.
One of the most famous landmarks is the Empire State Building. More than 15,000 people work here every day. At 1,250 feet it is one of the tallest buildings in the world. But New York is a constantly changing city and this building is no longer the tallest one in the city. The 1,350-foot World Trade Center has taken its place.